10 INFINITE PLACES

© Alexa Brunet
© Jochen Gerner

In the imposing building that formerly housed the faculty of sciences, a hotel designed and constructed through collective re-appropriation.
A hundred or so local actors (sportspersons, doctors, artists, scientists, social activists, biologists…), experimenting in turn to adapt this building to their specific requirements, have established an unprecedented program to accommodate citizen potentials.

→ www.hotelpasteur.fr

address

2 place pasteur, 35000 rennes

structure

collegial association

size

58,889  ft² (buildings) 29,773 ft² (plot)

owner

city of rennes

funding

self-financing of completed projects grant from city of Rennes

project leaders

notre atelier commun association with sophie ricard and then spla territoires publics

architects

nicolas chambon
et encore heureux
(2019)
emmanuel le ray
(1888)
jean-baptiste martenot
(1895)

users

residents of the project (associations, collectives, etc.) public, forthcoming kindergarten

key statistics

1,188 hours of free french lessons for asylum seekers
365 days open per year
300 projects hosted per year (from one hour to three months)
628 Lb of mushrooms harvested
250 associations hosted per year only
1 single key, never lost in five years
1 ton of wood reused

© Antoine Cormier
© Jochen Gerner

In a former funeral home under a glazed roof, a cultural factory subtly combining the times, spaces, and desires of a heterogeneous public.
Its central halls are open for informal practices (jugglers, break dancers, comics, performers…) and are linked to a demanding artistic program, which shapes a hybrid artistic space in permanent transformation.

→ 104.fr

address

5 rue Curial, 75019 Paris

structure

public institution for cultural cooperation

size

396,112 ft² (buildings) 170,586 ft² (plot)

owner

city of paris

funding

50% public and private subsidies (city of paris, regional council 75, patrons) 50% of own resources (space rental and private lets, ticket sales, etc.)

project leaders

EPCC LE CENTQUATRE-PARIS

architects

Atelier Novembre (2008), Edouard Delebarre de Bay (1874)

users

audiences, local associations, residents (start-ups, artists), business tenants (bookshop, solidarity store, restaurant, café) single lets (space rental).

key statistics (2016)

588,223 visitors
1,588 shows
311 artistic residencies
51 private events
29 start-ups created
15 touring projects
9 exhibitions

© Alexa Brunet
© Jochen Gerner

In the former mail sorting center adjoining the city ramparts, a long-term shelter project.
A collective dedicated to helping the homeless works through temporary use to reinvent from day to day the possibilities for a mixed-use shelter complex, that combines dwellings, workshops, gardens, cafeteria, child-care center, and auditorium, in an effort to actualize the dream in the complexity of the real.

→ tripostal.org/

address

5 bis avenue du blanchissage, 84000 avignon

structure

collegial association

size

26,910 ft² (building)  22,066 ft² (plot)

owner

sncf Real Estate

funding

HAS (habitat alternatif social), ANAH (agence nationale de l’habitat), City of Avignon and Grand Avignon

project leaders

HAS, ANAH, Ville d’Avignon et Grand Avignon

architects

PEROU et NAC (2015), TOURATERRE (2015), Eugène Chirié (1965)

users

homeless people, resident associations, artists, craftworkers, market gardeners, volunteers, public

key statistics

850 members of the association in 2016
236 pages planning study
150 guests invited to the gala dinner
80 artists in residence
40 associations hosted
11 mobile berths
8 months of architectural residency

© Alexa Brunet
© Jochen Gerner

In the former maternity ward of a major hospital and taking advantage of its vacancy of use, a temporary neighborhood has been put in place.
By enabling the coexistence of an emergency shelter for vulnerable persons, workspaces for young creators, and conviviality open to all, with festivals, a campground, or hot urban baths, the multiple actors in this temporary assemblage of social, artistic, and economic acts, will have called into question through their action the fate of this future eco-quarter.

→ lesgrandsvoisins.org

address

82 Avenue Denfert-Rochereau, 75014 Paris

structure

Partnership between two associations and a SCIS

size

236,806 ft² (buildings) 365,973 ft² (plot)

owner

APHP then SEM PARIS BATIGNOLLES AMÉNAGEMENT

funding

100% of own resources (studio rental, catering and bar services, tourist and emergency accommodations).

project leaders

association Aurore, SCIC Plateau Urbain, association Yes We Camp

architects

Yes We Camp (aménagements temporaires, 2015-2018), J. & A. Fourquier et J. Filhol, Philippe Alluin et Jean Paul Mauduit (1997), Marcel Desprez et André Larrousse (1978), Georges Mathy (1960), Félix Debat (1934), Justin-Jean-Marie Rochet (1911), Paul-Marie Gallois (1886), Théodore-François-Marie Labrouste (1879), Pierre-Martin Gauthier (1845), Charles-François Viel (1807), Daniel Gittard (1650)

users

residents in social housing, tenants, volunteers, public users

key statistics

7,000 nights camping
2,647 public events
2,000 volunteers and 150 jobs created
1,000 people work here
1,000 visitors per day
600 people accommodated
200 organizations hosted on the site

© Alexa Brunet
© Jochen Gerner

In a Brutalist setting formerly used for the offices of a large industrial corporation, an island of collaborative work saved from demolition.
Through their temporary use, some forty artists, architects, musicians, graphic artists and artisans have managed to invent a generous cultural and economic vitality and have set aside the timeframes of traditional planning.

→ le6b.fr

address

6-10 Quai de Seine – 93200 Saint-Denis

structure

association

size

75,347 ft2 (buildings) 89,340 ft2 (plot)

owner

Quartus

funding

20% public or private subsidies (City of Saint-Denis, State, EPT Plaine Commune, Conseil Général 93, DRAC, Ile-de-France region, Brémond Fund, Quartus) 80% of own resources (studio’s rentals, evenings and various events)

project leaders

association Le 6b

architects

Julien Beller (2022), Burgade et Rondeau, AIA (1977)

users

locals, volunteers, public

key statistics

6,000,000 € revenue generated by residents
25,000 visitors per year
300 emerging artists exhibited each year
150 artists’ studios
12€/m2 monthly rent for residents
1 annual festival from june to september

© Alexa Brunet
© Jochen Gerner

In a former convent in the heart of the town that was difficult to access, a shared and self-constructed habitat.
In the face of the loss of appeal affecting mid-sized towns, a group of inhabitants continues its daily work in a collective that can stand up to reality, through dwelling, work, construction, and festivity.

address

18 rue de la convention, 32 000 Auch

structure

Copropriété et collectif d’habitants

size

21,668 ft² (buildings) 24,703 ft² (plot)

owner

individual owners

funding

Individual

project leaders

collective of the inhabitants of la Convention

architects

Jean-Marc Jourdain et Nicolas Bachet (2015), Dominique Alet (1978), Inconnu (XVIIe)

users

owners and residents occasional public

key statistics

15,000 hours of self-construction
2,200 hours of mingas
365 stair treads
325 tons of hand-cleared rubble
72 meetings before signing the deed of sale
35 inhabitants including 13 children
7 floors with 4 terrace levels

© Alexa Brunet
© Jochen Gerner

In former tobacco factories, a pioneering urban cultural quarter has been under construction over the past twenty-five years.
The ongoing densification of uses and users (workshops, auditoriums, offices, exhibition halls, gardens, a skate park, schools…) has succeeded over the course of time in generating an urbanism by means of culture, while in the process inventing its own governance, its processes, and its forms.

→ lafriche.org

address

41 Rue Jobin 13003 Marseille

structure

Société Coopérative d’Intérêt Collectif (SCIC)

size

1076,391 ft² (buildings) 484,376 ft² (plot)

owner

City of Marseille with delegation by administrative emphyteutic lease to the project holder

funding

75% public and private subsidies (City of Marseille, local authorities, State, patrons) 25% of own resources (space rental, ticket sales)

project leaders

SCIC La Friche la Belle de Mai

architects

BKCLUB (2018-2020), Caractère Spécial (2015-2017), Olivier Moreux (2014), Duchier Pietra (2014), Construire (2013), Matthieu Place (2013), Matthieu Poitevin architecture – ARM architecture (2002-2015), Michel Désiré (1868)

users

residents, operational partners (concert halls, skatepark, etc.), artists, producers, public

key statistics

450,000 visitors per year
25,833 ft² of exhibition space
600 events per year
400 people work on the site
70 residents
20 shared garden plots
2 community radios

© Alexa Brunet
© Jochen Gerner

In a fragile and stigmatized area, an open artistic venue is a sign of an emancipatory cultural dynamic.
The stakeholders of this important project of opening up via culture, initiated in 2005 through a voluntary but unconvincing policy, have set in place an art based on trust and woven out of everyday activity starting out from an ephemeral building.

→ ateliersmedicis.fr

address

4 allée Françoise Nguyen, 93390 Clichy-sous-Bois

structure

public institution of cultural cooperation

size

9,978 ft2 (buildings) 4,962 ft2 (plot)

owner

City of Clichy-sous-Bois

funding

100% public subsidies (Ministry of Culture, Ile-de-France region, Seine-Saint-Denis department, City of Paris, EPT Grand Paris Grand Est, City of Clichy-sous-Bois, City of Montfermeil)

project leaders

EPCC ATELIERS MEDICIS

architects

Encore Heureux (Ateliers Médicis, 2018), Jean Sebag (Tour Utrillo, 1972)

users

artists, inhabitants, local partners (associations, etc.), public

key statistics

58 000 inhabitants in the two cities
150 artists accommodated from the first year of operation
18 elementary schools in the two cities
15 ministers have visited the site since 2011
3 presidents have visited the site since 2011

© Alexa Brunet
© Jochen Gerner

At the fringes of the Paris X campus, an agricultural and artistic farm cultivates a fragile and radical avant-garde.
Between a recycled ballroom parquet, the favela-theater, and a kitchen open to the four winds, a new vernacular urbanism is being invented that combines the smells of animals in an urban transhumance with the poetry of people producing honey and electronic festivals, offering other imaginaries to all.

→ lafermedubonheur.fr

address

220 avenue de la République, 92000 Nanterre

structure

association

size

9,171 ft2 (buildings), 26,910 ft2 (farm), 430,556 ft2 (champ de la garde)

owner

City of Nanterre (farm), State (field)

funding

5% public and private subsidies, (State, régional direction of cultural affairs, departmental council 92, Ile-de-france region, arcadi, Agro Paris Tech, Fondation de France, J’agis pour la nature, partners) 75% own resources, (evenings, space rental, restaurant, etc)

project leaders

Paranda Oulam association

architects

Jules Valez (1904), sans architecte (1996)

users

public, woof volunteers, guest artists

key statistics

3,307 Lb of fruit, vegetables, cereals, and wild plants harvested
200 trees planted
150 plant species recorded in 2012
100 electronic discos organized
30 regular volunteers
25 years of existence
7 shows created by Roger des Prés
5 employees
2 hectares of land decontaminated

© Alexa Brunet
© Jochen Gerner

In the middle of 160 hectares (395 acres) left vacant by the Société Métallurgique de Normandie, the first steps towards establishing a “third place” for the circular economy.
In the face of the remains of Caen’s epic industrial saga, a group of local actors initiate the progressive recovery of the territory by building a construction site to ingeniously lead the way towards the reuse of the territory.

→ le-wip.com

address

rue des ateliers, 14460 Colombelles

structure

Société Coopérative d’intérêt collectif (SCIC)

size

34,660 ft2 (buildings) 398,265 ft2 (plot)

owner

SEM Normandie Aménagement

funding for building work

public (SEM Normandie Aménagement, Normandy region, communauté urbaine of Caen-la-mer, City of Colombelles, établissement public foncier de Normandie, European regional development fund, French environment & energy management agency)

income

residents (45%), hire of great hall (32%), restaurant operators, miscellaneous services

project leaders

SCIC and  Le Wip association

architects

Construire et Encore Heureux (2019), collectif ETC (2016), unknown (1909)

anticipated users

residents (artists, craftsman, independants), cultural programmers, occasional partners (companies, promoters, etc), public

key statistics

2,000 visitors in 2017
360 members of the association
36 founding members of SCIC
15 concerts
11 lunches in the Cité de Chantier
7 presentations in conferences on third places
3 architectural and usage residencies
1 reused lot in the consultation files for the contractors